The Six Kalima relation with Islamic Aqeedah meaning Translation english Transliteration Che Kalimah

The Kalima

What is Kalima? What is its relation with Islamic Aqeedah?

1. The Kalimah (Arabic  کلمہ, means "word") the literal meaning is word. Kalima Tayyaba means good word. In the Kalima, the basic of Islamic Aqeedah from Quran and Sunnah has been summarised and codified in Arabic by Scholars of Sunnah.
2. This is for easy understanding. These kalimas were compiled and put together for people to memorize and learn the fundamentals of Islam.
3. These are recorded in various books of knowledge and are recited (and memorized) by Muslim across the globe. In Islamic world parents make it memorize to their children at very small age. In some part of the Muslim world it is very popular and students in the early childhood remember it, Specially in Maktabs (in India ,Pakistan Bangladesh) it is in their syllabus, so that a muslim child become sound in Faith from beginning. 
4. These Six Kalimas are from Quran and Hadith but not present together at one place in any particular verse of Quran or Hadith, Rather they are present as part of different verse of The Holy Quran and authentic Ahadith. And these have been accepted by the salafus salehin Scholar of Islam.


Some of the Sources of these Kalima from Quran Hadith has been referenced here.
These have been compiled from various Verses of The Holy Quran and Sahih Hadith.  
Example: 
فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنْبِكَ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مُتَقَلَّبَكُمْ وَمَثْوَاكُمْ (محمد: 19 
مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ (الفتح: 29
وَلَوْلاَ إِذْ دَخَلْتَ جَنَّتَكَ قُلْتَ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ لاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ إِنْ تَرَنِ أَنَا أَقَلَّ الكهف: 39).
فلما علا عليها رجل نادى فرفع صوته لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر‏

Question: 11034
   Pakistan
Assalam-o-alaikum, Respected Sir, We learn and recite six Kalimas(Tayyab, Shahadat, Tamjeed, Tauheed, Astaghfar, Raddi-kuffr) right from our childhood. All the mosques and Ulamas recommend these 6 Kalimas. I want to know the origin of these 6 Kalimas? Are these found in Qur'an or Hadith and where are they mentioned. Please tell me the reference. Jazak ALLAH
  Answer: 11034
  Feb 28,2009
(Fatwa: 344/236=L/1430)

These six kalimahs are proved from hadith:
Kalimah Tayyibah:
لما خلق اللہ جنۃ عدن وھی أول ما خلق اللہ، قال لھا: تکلمي، قالت: لا إلہ إلا اللہ محمد رسول اللہ (کنز العمال 1:43)
Kalimah Shahadah:
أشھد ان لا إلہ إلا اللہ وأشھد أن محمداً عبدہ ورسولہ (البخاری 1:115)
Kalimah Tamjeed:
سبحان اللہ، والحمد للہ، ولا إلہ إلا اللہ واللہ اکبر، وفي روایۃ ولا حول ولا قوۃ إلا باللہ العلي العظیم (مسلم 2:345)
Kalimah Tauheed:
من دخل السوق فقال: لا إلہ إلا اللہ وحدہ لا شریک لہ، لہ الملک ولہ والحمد، یحیي ویمیت وھو علی کل شئ قدیر (ترمذي 2:181)
While Kalimah Istighfar is mentioned in Bukhari 2:933, and 
Kalimah Radd-e-Kufr is mentioned in Musnad Imam Ahmad 5:451.
Allah (Subhana Wa Ta'ala) knows Best
Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband
[Note:  On internet I came across some discussion questioning the authenticity of six Kalima and some ignorant Muslims even claiming it to be bidah (Nauzubillah). Please don’t get into these bad mannered people who are with little knowledge and much misinformation]

5. The Six Kalimas are
1.Kalimah Tay-Yibah (The Good Word)
2.Kalimah Shahadah (The word of Testimony.)
3. Kalima Tamjeed (The Word of Glorification of Allah)
4.Kalimah Tawheed (The word of Oneness of Allah)
5.Kalimah Istighfar (The word Ishtagfarmeans Forgiveness, Penitence)
6.Kalima Rud-E-Kufr (The word Rud-e-Kuf rmeans Rejecting the Disbelief)

The Tawheed and greatness of Allah is strongly reflected in these Kalimah. The Kalimahs is to facilitate the easy memorizing and learning of Aqeedah (beliefs). If one read it with sincerity knowing its translation it gives a strong feeling of faith and increase iman on Allah.

The six statements are very much educational and helpful for a Muslim to understand Faith.
1.   The first two are basically declaration of faith, as a Muslim,
2.   The next two describes the Tawheed of Allah and his greatness and are very popular words of remembrance (Azkar) of Allah
3.   The next two glorify Allah his greatness, Nullify Shirk and also are very nice supplications for God's forgiveness. All or parts of these statements can be found in the Qur'an or the Hadith.

Listed below are the Six Kalmas its Arabic words Transliteration and Translation.


1.Kalimah Tay-Yibah (The Good Word) OrKalimah Tawheed (The Creed Of The Oneness Of Allah). 


لآ اِلَهَ اِلّا اللّهُ مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُوُل اللّهِ
LA ILAHA IL-LAL-LAHU MUHAMMADUR-RASULUL-LAH.

(Trans: There is no God but Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)
This KALIMAH TAY-YIBAH (the good word) orKALIMAH TAWHEED (the creed of the Oneness of Allah) is the basic creed of Islam. If someone reads the basic creed with heart. He/she becomes Muslim. This includes all other Kalima, and all explanation are inherently included in it.

2.Kalimah Shahadah (The word of Testimony.)

أَشْهَدُ أنْ لا إلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأشْهَدُ أنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
ASH-HADU A(N)L-LAILAHA IL-LAL-LAHU WA ASH-HADU AN-NA MUHAMM-MADAN'ABDUHU WA RASULUH.
 (I bear testimony that none is worthy of worship but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is the servant and Messenger of Allah.)
3. Kalima Tamjeed (The Word of Glorification of Allah)
سُبْحَان اللهِ وَا
لْحَمْدُلِلّهِ وَلا إِلهَ إِلّااللّهُ وَاللّهُ أكْبَرُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيْم 
Subhan Allahu, wal Hamdu lillahi, wa la illaha ilAllahu, wallahu Akbar. wa La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah-al 'alii-al 'adheem 
English Translation: 
Glory be to Allah and Praise to Allah, and there is no God But Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. And there is no Might or Power except with Allah.
4.Kalimah Tawheed (The word of Oneness of Allah)
لا إلہ إلا اللہ وحدہ لا شریک لہ، لہ الملک ولہ والحمد، یحیي ویمیت وھو علی کل شئ قدیر 


La ilaha illAllahu Wahdahu La Shareeka lahu, lahulmulk, wa lahulhamd, yuhyee wa yumeet, wa huwa hayy la yumoot abadan abada Dhul Jalaali waal Ikram beyadihi alkhayr, wa huwa 'ala kulli Shay'in Qadeer
English Translation: 
(There is) none worthy of worship except Allah. He is only One. (There is) no partners for Him. For Him (is) the Kingdom. And for Him (is) the Praise. He gives life and causes death. And He (is) Alive. He will not die, never, ever. Possessor of Majesty and Reverence. In His hand (is) the goodness. And He (is) the goodness. And He (is) on everything powerful.)
5.Kalimah Istighfar (The word Ishtagfarmeans Forgiveness, Penitence)
astaghfiru-llāha rabbī min kulli dhanbin adhnabtuhu amadan aw khaā an sirran  wa alāniyyatan wa atūbu ilayhi min adh-dhanbi-lladhī a lamu wa min adh-dhanbi-lladhī lā a lamu innaka anta allāmu-l-ghuyūbi wa sattāru l-uyūbi wa ghaffāru dh-dhunūbi wa lāawla wa lā quwwata illā bi-llāhi-l-alīyyi-l-aīm.
English Translation:
I seek forgiveness from Allah, my Lord, from every sin I committed knowingly or unknowingly, secretly or openly, and I turn towards Him from the sin that I know and from the sin that I do not know. Certainly You, You (are) the knower of the hidden things and the Concealer (of) the mistakes and the Forgiver (of) the sins. And (there is) no power and no strength except from Allah, the Most High, the Most Great.
6.Kalima Rud-E-Kufr (The word Rud-e-Kufrmeans Rejecting the Disbelief)
Allaahumma inniy a’oodhu bika min an ushrika bika shay-an wa ana a’alamu bihi wa astaghfiruka lima laa a’alamu bih. Tubtu anhu wa tabarratu minal kufri wash-shirki wal kizbi wal ma’aasi kullihaa aslamtu wa aamantu wa aqoolu laa ilaaha illallaahu Muhammadur rasoolullah 
English Translation:
O Allah! Certainly I seek protection with You from, that I associate partner with You anything and I know it. And I seek forgiveness from You for that I do not know it. I repended from it and I made myself free from disbelief and polytheism and the falsehood and the back-biting and the innovation and the tell-tales and the bad deeds and the blame and the disobedience, all of them. And I submit and I say (there is) none worthy of worship except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.


Aamantu… (I Believe………)
Scholars of Islam has given a short formula of creed (Aqeedah) which summarises the articles of faith, called the Āmantu (“I believe”). 
IMAN-E-MUJMAL (The Summary Declaration of Faith)
IMAN-E-MUFASSIL (The Detailed Declaration of Faith)
Iman Mujmal (Iman in brief)
AMANTUBIL-LAHI KAMA HUWA BIASMA'IHI WA SIFATIHI WA QABILTU JAMI'A AHKAMIHI.
Translation:
(I affirm my faith in Allah as He is with all His Names and Attributes and I accept all of His Commands.)

Iman Mufassal (Iman in detail)?



AMANTU BIL-LAHI WA MALA'IKATIHI WA KUTUBIHI WA RUSULIHI WALYAUKIL-AKHIR' WAL-QADRI KHAIRIHI WA SHAR-RIHI MINAL-LAHI TA'ALA WAL-BA'THI, BA'DAL-MAUT.

Translation:

I affirm my faith in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the day of judgment, in that the fate good and bad is predetermined by Allah and in coming to life after death (resurrection).


The Types of Tawheed its Definition Classification and Understanding


Notes on Categorization classification and three Types of Tawheed



Ibn Abi Al Izz Al Damishqi (D 792 A.H.) in his Famous Sharah Aqeedatut Tahawi has classified into two

1.   Tawheed al-ilahiyyah, or the belief in the unity of God the oneness of His Godhead, that Allah alone is to be worshiped, and no one else is to be worshiped.and matters concerning to attributes of Allah .

 

2. Tawheedar-rububiyyah (the oneness of His Lordship), which states that Allah alone create everything; and hold everything.



Some Other Scholars has divided into three categories.

1.     Tawheed ul-Uluhiyyah/Ibaadah  (Tawheed of Worship)

 

Tawheed of Worship means that all acts of worship belong to Allah alone, and no one else. All acts of worship Ibadah are purely and sincerely for Allah, not for idols, not for any Prophet, not for any Aulia Allah ,not for the universe, not for anything except the one Allah.

 

2.     Tawheed al-Rubbubiyyah   (Tawheed of Lordship)

Tawheed of Lordship means that you believe that there is only one  God, namely Allah, and that there are no other gods or goddesses. All form of Ibadah and Worship is only for Allah.It also means that all power, creation, and such things belong to Allah alone, for instance Allah alone is the creator of everything we see around us, and it is he who is in full control of them, and it is he who controls life and death and all such matters, and not anyone including our money/Position/ materialistic resources/worldpowers or any human or devine help other than Allah  else.

 

3.     Tawheed al-Asmaat wa-Sifaat (Tawheed of Allah's names and Attributes).

Tawheed al-Asmaat wa-Sifaat is the Tawheed of Allah's unique and exclusive Names and Attributes, this means a Muslim affirms a Name of Allah, and affirms that this Name is unique and exclusive to Allah alone, not for anyone else, and not for anyone else to be named with.

For example one of Allah's names is the All Knowing, this Name is unique for him alone because Allah is the only one who is All Knowing, and perfect in his knowledge, there is no created being who has such an attribute. The same applies to all of Allah's names, they are unique for him alone, and not for others.




Here It is important to be clarified that ........

1.    This division of Tawheed into two/three is not from The Prophet of Allah or from Sahba. Although its meaning  is established from Quran and Hadith.
2.    These classification has been done by scholars for better and easy understanding purpose
3.    There is no question on validity of classifcation.and its is a true classification.
4.    One must not get confused about there being three types/categories of Tawheed of Allah. Essentially all categories fall within the single term of Tawheed. Rather all the categories are all connected to Allah only Simple word Tawheed also encompass all these. 

5.       It is incorrect to say that if someone is not using these term that mean his Aqeedah/Emaan/Yaqeen/belief is weak. This claim is not CORRECT and acceptable. Sahabas did not use these term for the classification of Tawheed  but their Imaan was most strong. 




The Detail about Compilation of Fazail e Amaal

Compilation of 'Fazaail A'amaal'

The entire kitaab which is famous by 'Tableeghi Nisaab' or 'Fazaail A'amaal' was not exactly planned out by Sheikhul Hadeeth R A, Each section is a separate book which was written by Sheikhul Hadeeth R A at different times on requests from different people. The elders of the Tableegh Jamaat selecled this book for the deeni-religious- education and reformation of those going out in the path of Allaah.
 Thal is why some publishers prinled it with the title
'Tableeghi Nisaab'. This title lasted for a long lime.
Later afler ....onsidering the actual subject mauer, it was
printed as 'Fazaail A'amaal'.

Details of each kitaab
 1) fazaail Quraan majeed: Writing of this book started in the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah 1348 A.H and was completed on the 29 Dhul-Hijjah 1348 A.H. It was written on the request of Shah Yaseen Sahib Nageenwi R A, who was the Khalifah of Hadhral Moulana Rasheed Ahmed Ganghohi R A

 2) Fazaail Ramadaan: This book was written on the request of Hadhrat's uncle, Moulana Muhammed ilyaas R A, founder of the Tableegh Jamaat. Hadhrat R A began writing in Ramadaan 1349 (A.H) and completed it on the 27 Ramadaan.

3) Fazaail Tableegh: This was also written on the request of Hadhrat Moulana Muhammed ilyaas R A It was completed on the 5 Safar 1350 (A.H). It was written in a few day.

 4) Stories ofthe Sahabah R A: In Safar 1357 (A.H) during a journey to Ajrarah, in Meerat, Hadhrat R A suffered severe blistering. These blisters burst and for almost two hours blood flowed continuously. Doctor.; advised against any mentally strenuous activities for the next few months. Hadhrat Shah Abdul Qaadir Raaipuri R A had been appealing to Hadhrat R A.
for the past four years to write a book on stories of the Sahabah. Sheikhul Hadeeth R A said " I took this sickness as a blessing. in fulfillment Moulana's wishes, while resting; I began to write until I finished on the 12 Shawwaal 135' (A.H).
(Some writer has spreaded a false rumour that Fazail e Amaal was written when writer was mentaly sick. They mischievously present the above disease and fact to support their false claim. It was Nakseer (Blistering) and not any mental disease and only Stories of Sahaba was collected in this period. May Allah give hidayat to these people who are making false propaganda. )

 5) Fazaail Namaaz: This was also written in fulfillment of Moulana Muhammed llyaas's R A wishes. It was completed on 7 Muharram 1358 (A.H).

 6) Fazaail Dhikr: This was also written on the request of MouJana Muhammed ilyaas R A. It was completed on Friday 26 Shawwaal1358 (A.H).

 7) Fazaail Hajj: This was written on the earnest appeal of Hadhratjee Moulana Muhammed Yusuf R A Writing began on 3 Shawwaal 1366 A.H and completed on 14 Jamaadal oowla1367 A.H. The Kitaab was written while residing in Markaz Nizaamudien.
The riots which had broke out in 1947 detained Hadhrat R A in Nizaamudien for four months. Sheikhul Hadeeth R A said "The book itself was completed in Shawwaal but a few naratives were added on my return to Saharanpur." The acceptance and benefits of this kitaab are numerous; Sheikhul Hadeeth R A said "Thousands of letters have reached me that due to this kitaab, Hajj and Ziyaarat was made more pleasurable.

 8) Fazaail Sadaqaat: Moulana Muhammed ilyaas R A with great emphasis requested two more kitaabs to be written, Fazaail zakaat and Fazaail Tijaarat. In accordance with Moulana's wishes.
Hadhrat Sheikhul Hadeeth R A began writing Fazaail Sadaqaat in Markaz Nizaamudien. This was completed on the 22 Safar 1368 A.H in Saharanpur.
 9) Fazaail Durood: This was Hadhrat Sheikh's R A last book written on fazaail. This was also written on the request of Sheikh Yaseen Sahib Nageenwi R A. Shah Sahib R A passed away on 30 Shawwaal 1360 A.H but made a waseeyat-bequest- that Hadhrat Sheikh R A should still complete writing this kitaab. SheikhuI Hadeeth R A said "My own misdeeds did not afford me the opportunity, but while in Madinah in 1383 A.H a dire need to write this kitaab began. On my return still I postponed it. Finally on the 25 Ramadaan 1384 A.H I began and after continuous writing completed it on 6 Dhul-Hijjah 1384 A.H." (Aap Beti vol2 page/78)
There is no need to describe how AIlaah Ta'ala has accepted these works. Supporters and critics alike are forced to admit, that no other worldly book by any author  is read as much as the book under discussion.

 The way of the world is such that stones are thrown at every fruit laden tree, the sun with all its radiance lights up the entire world yet its scorching temperatures cannot be endured. In this manner, many factions have raised objections on this book and expressed their disapproval. I am not denying the fact that besides the book of AlIaah,and words of Prophet  no other book in this world is free from fault. Many great scholars might have erred in some way or the other but these errors pale in comparison to the multitude of good that their works entail and neither did any faction pay much heed to these errors.