Tablighi Jamaat Aim Objective Area of Work Tazkiah and Knowledge

Q.1 What is Tablighi Jamaat?What is Aim of Tablighi Jamaat

Tablighi Jamaat work is Multifaceted and have a combination of Dawat Tableegh teaching-Learning and Islah the Self Reformation with only intention to please Allah. It is a mass movement with idea of not to leave any section of Society.
Apart from Dawat o Tabligh activities it has two more primary objective that is closly related with Dawat o Tabligh.

1. Basic Minimal attainement of Self Reformation (Tazkiyah/Ihsan) in all Muslims.

 2. Basic Minimum level of attainment of Knowledge of Islam for all Muslims 

1. Attaing minimal level of Self Reformation by stress on following 
a) Our Heart should believe of Allah as a sole doer Allah can only give Loss and benfit. No other creation of Allah materials or human Jinnat can do any harm or benefit on its own but by will control and order of Allah. Our heart should say that any super power  and Atom bomb cannot harm us untill Allah decides so.All things are under the control of order and wish of Allah. We have to beltve him with all of his special attributes and Qualities and he is the only to be Prayed.(Koi Ibadat ke Layaq Nahin Siwaye Allah ke.
Our heart should have firm believe And only way of success is the way of prophet Muhammadﷺ .Try to follow the way of Prophet in all our action ranging from sleeping,eating,bathing,going to toilet, to our dealings,business,family and social relation. Prphet love and obedience should be basic foundation of our life and our heart should say that only way of success in this world and hereafter. And all other ways of living are leading to permanat failure.
We have to make our Emaan (Aqeedah) strong on six articles of Faith( Believe in Allah, his Prophet,Books,Angels,Resurrection and Qadr the destiny).
a)Performing five time Regular Salat with Jamaat and with Khushu and Khuzu (Quality of Ihsan)
b) cleaning heart by remembrance of Allah with zikr and Tilawat and Prophet dua for daily activities. (Their
c) Fulfilling the obligation of creation of Allah by Love and kindness for all human being, special respect to Muslims because of their Eeman, Respect for Ulemas and Pious Ahlullah for elders. Love for children and Family care as prescribed by Prophet.
d) All the action not for any show rather with sole purpose of Pleasing Allah
e) To show mercy and love for all human being and try to save all rom fire of the hell. For this do the dawah and Tabligh with sacrificing our Life and wealth. PARADISE FOR ALL MANKIND..This was the Motto of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihu wasallam.He even cried at the death of a Jew. We are his ummati Our concern should be same. To start simultaneously from ourself, family,locality,country to whole mankind till the day of Judgment. 
For attaining all these qualities they call to spare some times and going in the path of Allah for a short period and to practice the same while being at home with attaching yourself with Amaal e Muqami (Masjidwar Amaal at home)

1. Attaing minimal level of basic minimum required knowledge of deen by all section of Muslims Ranging from doctors engineers to rickshaw puller and street vendors.
There Model for achieving this goal.
Obviously it is a very big goal. If we think a while ..we will find ..The same objective was successfully attained by Prophet with his Sahaba. Among Sahaba there were people of different Level of Knowledge some were very knowlegable as Hadith mention about knowledge of Many of them.
But the minimum level of knowledge was with all Sahaba. No Muslim in first few generation was ignorant of deen as we see among todays muslims. Prophet developed a patter of teaching-Learning by interdependence.They were teacher and learner simultaneously.
So Many Ahadith give glance of this method of learning
There is Hadith in Bukhari Shareef about Hazrat Umar and his neighbour. People of Suffah. And not only that this was the learning method for tribes and community as a whole.
A long Hadith Narrates gives full picture of this instance. (Musnad Ahmad 3/432)

Shihab ibne-'Abbad Rahmatullahi 'alaih narrates that I heard a
man from a delegation of the tribe'Abad AI-Qais. He said: We went
to Rasiilullah Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. The Muslims rejoiced
much at our coming. When we reached the assembly of people, they
made spacious room for us and we sat down there. NabT Sallallahu
'alaihi wasallam welcomed us and prayed for us......................(Then some other details are)

...........Then Nabi
Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam turned his attention towards the Ansar
and said: 0 People of Ansar! Treat your brothers generously for
they are Muslims like you in Islam............

(That delegation stayed with the Ansar).
Then in the morning, RasiiluIHih Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam asked
them: How did you find your brothers in treating and hosting you?
They said: They are very good brothers. They gave us soft bedding,
served us with good food, and taught us by night and day the Book
of our Rabb Tabaraka wa Taala and the Sunnah of our Nabi
Sallallahu 'alaihi wasallam. Rasi.1lullah Sallallahu 'aIaihi wasallam
liked this, and was very pleased. 'Thcn he paid attention to us
individually. We told him what we had lcarnt and what we were
taught. Someone was taught, Attahiyiit, someone Surah Fatibah,
someone one Surah, some two Siirah, and some many Siinnah.
(Musnad At]mad 3/432)

 Tablighi Jamaat  basic teaching-learning method is for common mass about basic of deen for those who have not got a chance to go in formal Madarsas /Islamic Education.
 That will not only include the illeterate but also those who are otherwise litterate even Elites Doctors and Engineers etc but not having the basic knowledge of deen.
 The knowledge of deen has no limitation and upper limit so As for Advance knowledge of deen After realising the importance of knowledge they encourage the people to strive themselves to attain themselves by attaching to Ulemas or by books of Ulma e Haq.
This method is based on the method of Sahaba era by interdependence.Those who have learned something will teach the same to others. This was the common method of learning of Sahaba and the first few generation of Muslims. Sahaba learned deen without any materialistic resources. Even the print copy of Quran was not there, Hadith collection was also not Popular Imam  Bukhari date of birth is  Friday 13 Shawwaal 194 (A.H) That means till 200 years after the prophet even Bukhari Shareef was not there but Islam spreaded to the nock and corner of the world within 200 years. 

(Scholars and Madarsa have to play most important Role in this system Actually they will be the best teacher  for common mass and Maulana Ilyas was intended to send one Aalim and one Qari with each Jamaat initially it was practiced But now Ulemas are not available in that Ratio to fulfill this Practically.May Allah make us understand and implement it.) 

May Allah help us.
Follwing quote from Scholars will help to understand further the Movement of Tablighi Jamaat .
Maulana Ilyas said 

"The actual aim of this movement is to teach the Muslims everything with which The  Holy  Prophet Muhammadcame, (That is to get the Ummah attached to the complete system of thought and practice of Islam.) This is our aim. 
As for this movement of jamaats and Tablighi Gusht- these are the initial means of achieving this aim; and the instruction and teaching of Kalimah and Salah (Kalima Namaz correction) are, in other words, the ABC of our complete syllabus. 
It is also clear that our Jama'at cannot do all  the work. What can be done by them is only that where ever they go, they can only produce a motion and awakening by means of their effort, and attach those people. who are unmindful of  religious concerns, to the possessors of deen to their place- and can inspire those people
 of their place who have the worry for deen (i.e. ulama and reformers) for making efforts to reform the 
ignorant common people. [That is. connecting the public with the ulama and ulama with the public],..." 

From Book Words and Reflections of Maulana Ilvas 

Maulana Yusuf Rahimullah said…..
To achieve strong connection with Allah and to gain his divine help, the only means are the way of Muhammad.If the following the prophet will be in all sphere of our life then Allah will make us successful irrespective of the situation & worldly means. (Biography page 767)

One of the greatest Islamic scholar of last century Faisal Award Winner Fazilatus Sheikh Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadvi Rahimullah said...........

The Tabligh movement is ideally suited to meet the demand of time and repel the mounting challenge ofdisbelieve and irreligiousness. The present day materialists and Baatil movements make a direct appeal to the common masses and sedulously sow the seed of doubts among them.Ideological debates religious literature and plans and activities that are confined to the elite and do not involve the common man cannot arrest the progress of apostasy and materialism. Only a religious movement which begins at their grassroot and goes straight to the labourers cottage and farmer field and ignores no section of the society can provide an effective answer to the menace of irreligiousness. (Book Life and Mission of Maulana Ilyas Page no 204)

The Great Hadith Scholar and compiler ofMaariful Hadith Hazrat Maulana Manzoor Nomani said................
It (Tabligh Movement) is the start of an era of purely religious effort.Those people who will take part and move forward with courage are certainely the distinguished one.The only thing is at stake is the proper utilisation of time and capabilities given by Allah Tabarak o Taala and the reward is so precious that is even beneficial at the cost of life...........
This description is not only to read and close it, Rather it is a live Dawah..............(30th March 1946)

Hazrat Qari Muhammad Tayyib RahimullahFounder President of All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB) said.....
"There are four ways of attaining self reformation and by good chance, they all happen to be found in the tablighi jama'at. It includes sitting in the company of the pious, it includes dzikr and fikr, it includes brotherhood for the pleasure of Allah, it includes taking lessons from enemies and also taking account of oneself. The tablighi jama'at is a conglomeration of the four. For an average person there can be no way better than this for attaining self-reformation.

1. How the name of Tablighi Jamaat came ?
Maulana Ilyas view was that the work of Dawah is responsibility of all Muslims and he is not making any group for it Rather it is a collective work of all those who are Muslim.

No one has kept the name Tablighi Jamaat. Even the Markaz Nizamuddin address does not have anything like Tablighi Jamaat 

Maulana Ilya said" I have not put any name like Tableegh or Tablighi jamaat Rather I never thought on the issue of keeping any name But people started calling it Tablighi Jamaat and the name became so popular that at times even we take name.
(Manzoor Nomani Article in book Jamaat Tableegh par Aitaraz ke jawab page no 131)

 Maulana Ilyas also reported to said
 "I even didnot think to put any name If it would have been it would be Tahreek e Emaan."

حضرت مولانا محمد الیاس نے اس تحریک کا کوئی نام نہیں رکھا، کیونکہ ان کا مانناتھا کہ دنیا میں ہر مسلمان کی
 دعوت کے کام کی ذمہ داری ہے ۔ ایک بار انہوں نے کہا کہ اگر میں اس تحریک کا کوئی نام رکھتا تو تحریک ایمان رکھتا ، بر صغیر کے لوگوں نے اسے تبلیغی نام سے پکارنا شروع کیا۔
 اور پھر یہ نام اتنا مشہور ہوا کہ تمام دنیا اور کام سے جڑے لو گ بھی بعض اوقات 
اسے اسی نام پکارتے ہیں۔

Objection no . Is Tablighi Jamaat is Limiting Dawah to number of days (3 days,40 days etc)
Tablighi Jamaat has Dual aspect of Dawah effort

 1.Going in path of Allah 

2. Muqami Amaal
After coming from path of Allah he has to dawah in his family,relatives,neighbours and his locality with Masjidwar Jamaat through,Mulaqat, individual daily meeting mashwara,and gusht .

This answer has also been given by Shaikh Salih Uthmayeen Rahimullah also.He said that it is tarteeb and system .This is not any compulsory sharai ruling. 
As Sheikh Salih al Uthaiymeen has also clarified 40 days/3 days issue when matter came to him........
With regard to limiting da’wah to three or four days, or to two or four or six months, or two years, there is no shar’i evidence for that. But they think that this has to do with organization. If a person goes out for three days, and knows that he is limited to these three days, he will focus his mind and forget about worldly matters. This is the matter of organization, and is not an act of worship or a matter of sharee’ah. go out with them in order to purify yourself, there is nothing wrong with that. There are many people whom Allaah has guided at their hands. 

Al-Baab al-Maftooh, no. 10, P. 304. 
 (for complete article click the link

It is well known that these 3 day and 40 days are only a system and tarteeb,no one is claiming it to be compulsory. It gives benefit that person going will inform his family and will make arrangements for his family needs and Jobs. It is for making things easy as all tabligh worker has family and other commitments.

Objection No .
Going in the path of Allah in Quran and Hadith refers to going out to fight a battle with Kuffars .And not the kind of going like Tablighi Jamaat. It is not from Salfus Salehin.

Answer: Although going for fighting is one of the important aspect but it is not only way adopted by Salfus Salehin for spread of Islam.
Sahaba went to many areas where no battle/Fight was there and just for the peacful spread of Islam. 
Islam spreaded to the following areas with the effort of Sahaba and Salfus Salehin without any battle/fight.

Indinesis, Malaysia, Southern part of India (kerala) where Shaba/Salaf reached in groups but no fight or battle but peaceful preaching only. 

It is reported that Sahaba also reached western part of China/and parts of central Africa and all these areas no Battle was fought.So restricting Going in the path of Allah is broad and not only for fighting.

2.Imam Bukhari has mentioned Hadith on going for juma prayer in the chapter of jihad,(kitabul jihad page 194) 
Hafiz Ibne Hajar in Fathul Bari has classified so many like Amar Bilmmaroof nahi anil munkar ,seeking Ilm in Jihad.

Imam Nawwi has classified as many as 13 kind of jihad.No Scholar of Sunnah salaf has said that AYAT.......WALLAZINA JAHADU FINA LANAHDIYANNAHUM SUBULANA is for FIGHTING/KILLING. 

Objections 3. 

Only Aalim/Scholar can give Dawah.
Following statment of Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen Rahimullah As-Sahwatul-Islâmiyyah (pp.75-76) is best answer to describe the Position of Tablighi Jamaat and Knowledge issue.     

“When a person has knowledge and insight into that which he is calling to, then there is no difference between the one who has a great amount of knowledge, or a student of knowledge who has recently started in pursuit of knowledge or a lay person - as long as he has certain knowledge of the issue at hand. The Prophet sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam said: “Convey from me, even if it is one verse.” [al-Bukhaaree] So it is not a condition upon the dâee (the one calling) to attain a great amount of knowledge, but the condition is that one must have knowledge of what one is calling to.

This is followed by Tablighi Jamaat strictly and workers give Dawah for only those matter for which they have knowledge.It is strict Instruction from the Elders of Tabligh.

CASE OF TABLEEGHI JAMMAT in relation to generatl Muslim giving Dawah and Bayan.

 1.Tablighi jamaat call is simple , 

Have faith on Allah ,He is the only doer,No one else has any power.All kind of worship is only of Allah

Success is in the path of hazrat Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and their is no other way to be followed.
We have to die one day so Prepare for Akhirah.

 Reminder for Amaal e Sleha the formost is Slat, Ilm o zikr, Respect of Muslim and fulfilling rights to other, sincerity of intention etc

For above matter any Muslim can remind himself and all other Muslims.

3. They always  STRESS  that the participants who are non alim/not an scholar are to speak within 6 qualities,
( IMAN,SALAT, ILM O ZIKR.IKRAM E MUSLIM,IKHLAS E NIYAT,DAWAT E ILLALLAH)  which they learn in ta'leem, and the 6-quality discussion.  For MASAEL THEY exhort people to refer to Ulama (to learn)

4. So the participants who are not Alim/Scholar are not instructed to speak of whatever they wish.
 It emphasize that Dawat is formost for Daee,specially when we are lagging in Emaan and Amal e saliha by ourselves. It always stresses  that Dawat is for the strenghthing of daee.Correction of others by giving dawah  is an accessory objective. 

 5. If someone / Tablighi Worker does like this it is fault on his part and Tabligh elders always prohibit it. You can inform it to Bangle wali Masjid Markan Nizamuddin, New Delhi, India. by writing a letter or visiting it.

 MAY ALLAH HELP US IN understanding and practicing deen.